Gum Disease

Gum disease is also called as gingivitis. Gingivitis can be due to many factors involving bacteria in the mouth sticking to surface of teeth to form plaque (a biofilm).

If this plaque is left untreated, signs of gum disease present as bleeding from the gums (which can be painless). Patients also report of redness or swelling of the gums.

This process can lead to the development of deep pockets between the teeth and gums which can harbour bacteria. Furthermore, there is bone loss around teeth undermining support for the teeth and can make them loose and fall out-this is called as periodontitis.

Regular dental checks and visits to a dental hygienist can identify early gum problems and reverse the inflammatory changes. Smoking cigarettes or tobacco can speed up the process of gum disease and smoking cessation can help reduce gum problems for certain patients.

Mouth body connection

Gum disease can involve bacteria that can enter the bloodstream and travel to major organs. Whilst more research is underway, there are associations to suggest this may:

  • Contribute to heart disease
  • Increase the risk of stroke
  • Increase a woman’s risk of having a premature, low weight baby
  • Pose a threat to those with diabetes


At St Marks, our aim is to promote gum health in the least invasive and most cost-effective manner. Scaling and careful cleaning of the root surfaces to remove plaque and tartar is necessary on affected teeth with deep gum pockets. This treatment can have limitations and more complex treatments may be indicated to restore health.

If you’d like more information on gum disease, please visit the British Society of Periodontology website.

Book An Appointment Or call us on 01223 507 750